The overall objective of the energy sector is to ensure increased, reliable and efficient supply of electricity for households,
small and medium enterprises, commercial consumers and big companies including mining companies in order to enhance
economic growth and development. This requires new investment in generation, transmission and efficient distribution of
Government continues to pursue programmes to restore electricity to all District Headquarter towns through thermal and
mini-hydro technologies. Makeni city is now considerably enjoying electricity supply, while work on the installation of
thermal plants and substations in Lunsar Town is making progress. Installation of a 4.8 MW of thermal plant is at
advanced stage in the City of Bo, for supply of electricity, to Bo and Kenema Cities (BKPS). The Ministry has also
embarked on the construction of a 6 MW of thermal plant in Lungi in the North, and another 6 MW of thermal plant in
Koidu City in the East. Plans are also underway for the execution of the West African Power Pool (WAPP) Project. This
is a CLSG Project (Cote dVoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea), in which a 225 KV Transmission line will transverse
seven districts within a distance of 525 KM. Five substations are to be installed along this line.
Construction works have commenced on Mini-Hydro projects in Bankasoka in the north, of 2.2 MW capacity and
Charlotte in the Western Area with 2.2 MW. Preparations are underway to commence similar works in other areas.
To specifically target the rural communities, the Government commissioned a Bare Foot Solar Engineers Training Centre at
Konta Line Village in Port Loko District, the first ever in Africa to improve access to power and energy in rural
communities. At the moment, several homes in the rural communities are benefiting from solar light systems. Government
has also embarked on the installation of solar street lights in all district headquarters.
While the country had suffered from inadequate power generation capacity for many years, the transmission and
distribution of the power generated had also been a major challenge. Hence, improvements to the transmission and
distribution systems remain a critical component of efforts to increase the supply of electricity in the city of Freetown. To
this end, the Ministry has been making frantic efforts to scale up transport capacity of the T & D network in the Western
The Ministry’s Focus
The Ministry of Energy has developed a 5 year Road Map in the commencement of the year 2013. It is the desire of the
Ministry to generate a thousand megawatt of electricity by the year 2017. This would have to be done through Energy mix.
That is energy would be generated from thermal plants and renewable energy sources.
Already plans are under way for the construction of a 10 MW of Hydro Power Plant at Moyamba in the south. The
Ministry of Energy continues to seek for funding and encourage investors in order to support and overcome the
monumental challenges of improving access and quality of power supply for enhancing economic transformation in Sierra
The Ministry is currently focused on Renewable Energy sources which include Biomass, Solar, Wind and Hydro Power.
With respect to Biomass, over 650,000 tonnes of crop wastes are produced annually having a high annual energy potential
of more than 2,500 GWh that can be exploited for cooking, lighting and motive power applications.
There is a high potential of solar radiation country wide. Solar PV solutions can be implemented in a decentralized
configuration across the country for lighting and water pumping, among other applications. Much study to investigate the
average speed of wind in M/S has not yet been done. However, the Ministry of Energy continues to encourage further
investigation of this renewable source for applications such as water pumping and lighting which will suit the intermittent
nature of this source of energy.
The Hydro power potential in the country is very high. Studies have revealed that the country’s hydro power potential is
more than 2500 MW. The development of hydro power sites will lead to rural industrialization and hence employment,
poverty reduction and sustainable development
The current challenges in the energy sector include improving the poor transmission and distribution system resulting in high
line losses of units of electricity generated;
Generation capacity is insufficient to meet the need of even urban areas. Only about 15 percent of the population is
estimated to have access to electricity from the national power grid. Moreover, there is high seasonal variability in
hydroelectric power production.
Issues of concern in the energy sector
Issues of primary concern in the Sierra Leones energy sector include:
- Access to improved energy services
- Energy supply reliability
- Energy sector governance and regulation
- Health and environmental costs associated with energy supply and use
- Women and energy
Therefore, the energy development objective of the Ministry of Energy includes
- To expand access to improved energy services and improve energy supply reliability
- To improve energy sector governance and regulation
- To reduce the health and environmental costs associated with energy supply and use
- To enhance women’s participation in energy policy planning, formulation, implementation and monitoring
The Energy Directorate
The Energy Directorate has recently been established with staff recruited to provide professional services to the Ministry.
The Directorate is responsible to provide policy guidance to the Ministry and the day to day monitoring and supervision of
The Directorate comprises of the following